- The Prophets
- Church of Saint Francis of Assisi in Ouro Preto
- Church of Saint Francis of Assisi in São João Del Rey
- Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel in Sabará
The twelve sculptures of the prophets in the churchyardusually closed courtyard in front or around the churches (Prophets of Congonhas and St. Francis of Ouro Preto). of the sanctuary of Congonhas, in soapstone, are placed so that relate and fulfill the function of inviting the faithful to climb the stairs and listen to the divine word which are the messengers. Their garments resemble the biblical figures who lived in far-off Holy Land, with the Turkish turbans and long robes so richly adorned. The sculptures reveal characteristic features of the art of Aleijadinho: magnificent hairdos, oriental slant eyes, in addition to detailed and well maintained ornaments of garments and Latin quotations in phylacteryroll of parchment with sacred texts; (filactera) small box containing biblical texts written on parchment ballots; in the Middle Ages, ribbons inscribed with the sayings of the characters, in general saints; in the Modern Age, texts of sayings of the characters in comic books. (biblical scrolls). At the bottom, at the entrance, on the left as you go up, on corbel pillar, is the prophet Isaiah, announcing the word of God, with a burning ember in the mouth. On the opposite side, Jeremiah, also on pillar also worked on, with a pen in his left hand, symbolizing the prophetic writing. Symmetrically, it is Ezekiel, with his left arm raised and gently sloping, inviting the pilgrim to continue on the way. On the other side, Baruch, minor prophet, is the youngest of all. At the top of the upper flight of stairs, on the left as you go up, Daniel, considered the masterpiece of Aleijadinho, inspired by a work of Renaissance painter Raphael of Sanzio, has as its the iconographic attributesymbol, emblem or any element, in a sculpture, painting or engraving, used to identify particular saint (doors of the Franciscan and Carmelite churches with the scapular or stigmas). the lion with which remained in a pit. The other side is Hosea, curly beard, is worth right hand. More to the left, on the same parapet, Jonah receives from heaven the divine inspiration that the prophet need for preaching. Having stayed in the whale’s belly, the artist places the spray of water on the garments and a kind of dolphin at her feet. On the opposite side, Joel. On the upper parapet, on the left of the entrance, is Amos. Symmetrically, at the other extreme, we see Nahum, old, serene. Even in the upper parapet, front the church, to the left of the entrance, it is placed Obadiah, pointing the sky exhorting the people to hear the prophecies. On the opposite side, Habakkuk also shows the sky, completing the gesture that unites all the prophets as if orchestrated by the genius chisel. The construction of the temple began in the mid-eighteenth century (1757-1778). The church facade is provided with corners, pilasters, cymatium and stone linings. The frontonkind of gable that serves to crown the central part of the frontispiece of the church; usually also speak in fronton with respect to the altarpiece of the shot (the truncated fronton of St. Francis of Ouro Preto is the more dramatic). has graceful curves trimmed stone. Inside, on the throne, the image of Jesus Crucified and the main altaraltar or main altarpiece of a church or chapel, positioned on the wall (St. Francis of Ouro Preto)., work of João Antunes de Carvalho (1769-1775), two torches angels carved by Francisco Vieira Servas. The side altars are usually consolesprotruding and decorated parts to sustain a sculptures or support cornices and balconies (the prophets are on consoles with corbels). in place of columns, at the top there are carved angelornamental elements commonly used in altars and arches. The little ones are the cherubim and seraphim, archangels are the largest, as teenagers or young adults (in shutters and crownings the altars of almost all churches that Aleijadinho did).. In the main chapelmajor chapel, where is the altar of a church., and all over the naveinner part of the church from the entrance to main chapel; it is called main nave when this space is divided by pillars, columns or arches., there are several panels depicting biblical scenes. Also in the ceilings of the presbyteryhigh part in the main chapel of a church. and the body of the church, there are various paintings on view by artists such as João Nepomuceno Correia Castro (1778-1787), retouched by Manoel da Costa Ataíde.